Inventors And Patents From The City Ofpittsburgh
Pittsburgh Inventors and Patents
Pittsburgh is a city known as “The Steel City” and “The City of Bridges.” It is a bustling metropolis near the Allegheny Mountains. It is ranked one of the most livable cities in the United States.
George Westinghouse was born in 1846 in Central Bridge, New York, the son of a machine shop owner. His ancestors were from Westphalia, a region of Germany. His name, which was an Anglicization of Westinghausen, comes from his love for mechanical devices and the business of building them. His military service during the Civil War took him from New York to Pittsburgh and he became an important industrialist. He died in New York City in 1914.
Westinghouse was known for his innovative thinking and vision. He invented numerous industries that have been a staple of modern life. One of his greatest legacies is the Westinghouse Electric Corporation, one of the most trusted companies in the world today. His work also led to the creation of the USS Nautilus, the first nuclear submarine.
He was also known as a progressive industrial employer. He was the first industrialist in Pittsburgh to reduce the length of workweek from six to five and a half days. His company was also one of the first to offer Saturday afternoons and Sundays off for its employees.
Westinghouse was an entrepreneur who accumulated 361 patents in his lifetime. He also founded 60 companies, including Westinghouse Electric and Westinghouse Air Brake. His tenacity and persistence led him to create many useful inventions. His electric company was based in Pittsburgh.
A few miles outside of the city, the Heinz History Center houses a rich collection of Westinghouse archival materials. It is also home to a memorial to Westinghouse. The Westinghouse Bridge was dedicated in Westinghouse’s honor on September 10, 1932.
Nikola Tesla was an American inventor. In his early days, he created electric motors and generators, which were used to create electricity. Later, he worked on automobile engines. In fact, he received 196 patents, most of which were in France and the United Kingdom. During the early years of his life, Tesla lived in the Waldorf Astoria Hotel in New York City. While there, he frequently stayed unpaid hotel bills. He also fed pigeons on a daily basis and nursed injured birds back to health.
After his time in Pittsburgh, Tesla moved to New York. He claimed that aliens had tried to contact him through rhythmic pulses. During this time, Tesla had started work on his world broadcasting tower on Long Island. In 1901, he received a $150,000 check from J. P. Morgan, but eventually withdrew his support. He also lost the competition to Marconi who had already built the Wardenclyffe Tower complex in Shoreham, New York.
While working on his power generators, Tesla sometimes announced his progress to the press. Though he did not provide detailed details, his press releases referred to many discoveries. Tesla also mentioned his project of sending a beam from Earth to the dark side of the moon. His scientific discoveries also allowed him to celebrate the cosmic possibilities that had become possible after the discovery of atomic physics. During his later years, Tesla became a vice-president of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers. In addition to wireless power, Tesla also developed steam-based inventions, x-ray experiments, and a power station at the Niagara Falls.
Although Nikola Tesla had no formal education, he was able to gain valuable experience and knowledge in his career. His research uncovered the principles behind alternating current and induction motors. These discoveries led to his creation of a series of patents in the electrical industry.
Inventor Al Langer was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania on February 24, 1945. Langer is a co-inventor of the Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD). The ICD is a patented device that automatically corrects potentially life-threatening irregular heartbeat patterns. His invention has saved the lives of thousands of patients.
Langer was hired by a Pittsburgh company called Medrad Inc. to develop a new ICD device. The company president had met with Dr. Michael Mirowski, who had already patented the device but needed a company to perfect it. Medrad took up the challenge and Langer’s background in electrical engineering and electrocardiography made him the perfect candidate to lead the project. He was placed as chief biomedical engineer of the company. Another Pittsburgher, Morton Mower, was a member of the original team.
Langer studied electrical engineering at MIT and later at Carnegie Mellon University. His Ph.D. thesis focused on the development of biomedical devices. After graduating, Langer worked at Medrad Inc. as a project engineer. He was responsible for specifying the smallest electronic circuits in defibrillators and developing the mechanical package. This work led to the creation of many additional patents for ICDs.
Pittsburgh is a city that fosters innovation and invention. The innovation ecosystem here includes government, academia, and private industry. This innovation ecosystem has made Pittsburgh a world-class city, and its civic leaders recognize the importance of innovation, entrepreneurship, and investment. This innovation ecosystem is helping the city create jobs, expand its tax base, and revitalize the city’s businesses.
FCI Americas Technology
The Pittsburgh Tech Council is an association that represents the technology business sector in Southwestern Pennsylvania. The group facilitates strong interactions between members from various industries within the region. Russo has a background in information technology, operations, and finance. Prior to joining the organization, she worked for large multinational corporations and was an adjunct professor at Virginia Commonwealth University.
Cristina Shin is an industrial design major at Carnegie Mellon University. She enjoys nature and learning new things. She is excited about the opportunity to use her design skills and hopes to shape Pittsburgh. She hopes to expand her knowledge through her involvement with cityLAB.
E I du Pont de Nemours & Co.
DuPont is the company that makes many of the products that you see on the market. This American company was formed from a merger of two former chemical companies, Dow Chemical and E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Company. Prior to the spinoffs, DuPont was the world’s largest chemical company.
Despite being publicly owned, E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co. is still a highly diversified company that produces thousands of different products. It sells its products in several industries, including pharmaceuticals and automotive polymers. The company has also expanded into other industries, including biotechnology and agriculture.
During its early history, the company produced a variety of materials, including chemicals and plastics. Today, the company is a major manufacturer of paints, pigments, varnishes, textile fibers, artificial rubber, and plastics. However, its focus has recently shifted to chemical manufacturing and less important explosives.
The company started operating in 1899. In 1907, it became a target of an antitrust lawsuit in the U.S. The company was forced to sell off its gunpowder business. In 1917, it began buying into the General Motors Corporation (GM). By 1925, it owned over 25 percent of GM stock. DuPont subsequently divested itself of its remaining GM shares.
In 1996, the company reported record profits. Its stock price rose from $15 per share in 1990 to almost $50 per share in 1996. However, DuPont had problems with quality control. Its plastics began to flake off after paint had been applied to them.
In the early to mid-1980s, DuPont had 90 major businesses that sold products to a variety of industries. It operated in more than 50 countries. Its major business segments were biomedical and industrial products, fibers and polymers, textiles, and petroleum exploration and refining.
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