Fresno Inventors and Patents From the City of Fresno
Fresno is home to a number of inventors and patent holders. Some of these individuals are relatively new to the entrepreneurial world, while others have been around for decades. One such local resident is Paula Reinhardt. Reinhardt spent years in sales before she came up with an innovative product, the Clean and Clear 360. The Clean and Clear 360 is a tool that helps to clean out the canister of a bagless vacuum. The product is currently available for sale at Fresno Ag Hardware.
PTMT processing results in about 12 percent of inventors being associated with more than one regional component area
PTMT processes data from patents to identify inventor locations. As a result, about 12 percent of first-named inventors are associated with more than one regional component area. Moreover, the process results in less data aggregation problems. However, there are several challenges associated with PTMT processing.
Patents are associated with regional component areas based on the city and state where the first-named inventor lived at the time of patent grant. This information is only available for cities and states that exist at the time of patent grant. However, the PTMT matches inventors’ city and state with one or more U.S. regional component areas based on the U.S. Post Office reference file. This method has a sixty percent success rate.
Patent bibliographic data from the Patent and Trademark Office are also available in the OECD REGPAT database. The data are available in XML format and cover the period 1877 to 2016. While data on inventors is available only since 1988, OECD REGPAT database contains postal codes and city names for PCT filings.
Although Asian American children are the most innovative people in the United States, there is a significant disparity within this racial and ethnic group. According to the Washington Center for Equitable Growth, about 51 percent of Asian American citizens had a bachelor’s degree, compared to only nine percent of white Americans. The rate varies by subgroup. For example, in Maine, there are 137 incarcerated people per 100,000 residents. The research also shows that states with stricter prison policies are less likely to be innovators than states with lower rates of incarceration.
Individual inventors represent less than 0.2 percent of the population, but they account for a large proportion of economic growth. This small group of high-impact inventors generate high-return, lasting ideas. The quality of inventions is also an important factor in economic growth. Fundamental breakthroughs matter more than incremental improvements.
PTMT processing results in about 12 percent or more of inventors being associated with more than one area. This indicates that opening innovation opportunities to a diverse talent pool can improve economic growth and social equity in our country.
PTMT counts inventors by residence location
To address this problem, PTMT counts inventors by residence location. However, this method has some limitations. First, it does not account for inventors who live in more than one location. Secondly, it does not account for inventors who were not listed in a particular patent.
The residence location of an inventor is determined by information from the time of patent grant. Typically, residence information includes the city and state of the inventor. However, some inventors provided complete street addresses. In such cases, PTMT is able to match these data with a U.S. regional component area.
This method is based on the last 50 patents for an inventor. This method requires a lot of data from the USPTO. In total, it requires over 15,000 page loads. However, this data does not load in parallel, as each request is paused if a prior one has already completed. As a result, this method rarely refreshes the table.
Because PTMT counts inventors by residence location, there are several factors that need to be considered. First, it should be noted that a single patent can have multiple inventors. Moreover, inventors with multiple patents are counted multiple times. So, if an inventor resides in more than one country, their count will be multiplied for each of the inventors.
PTMT counts inventors by U.S. state or territory of residence
The City of Fresno has a Business Tax Division that helps entrepreneurs pay their business taxes. This office is located in City Hall, 2600 Fresno Street. You can call to schedule an appointment or drop by. If you don’t have time to stop by the office, you can pay your business taxes online.
PTMT counts inventors by micro/metropolitan area
PTMT’s methodology has limitations, however. This methodology does not count inventors who are associated with more than one micro/metropolitan area. In fact, PTMT reports that only about two percent of first-named inventors are associated with more than one area.
Counting inventors by micro/metropolitan areas is difficult, because inventors may be listed for multiple patents in the same micro/metropolitan area. In such cases, inventor-patent counts will be rounded down to the nearest whole number.
The drill-down report has its limitations, but it may be helpful for evaluating inventor activity in U.S. regional component areas. However, it may not be the most appropriate method to identify local inventor activity. It can help evaluate how local factors influence inventor activity.
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