Inequality & Disparity In Patent Applications Native American Inventors
Inequality and Disparity in Patent Applications
Inequality and disparity in patent applications reflects a number of factors, including fewer minority and female inventors, less financial capital, and less formal education. This lack of diversity reflects a start-up ecosystem that is overwhelmingly male and highly educated. Native American inventors and minorities are therefore underrepresented in the patenting process. This article will discuss how diversity in the field of patenting can promote innovation.
African American inventors
A study conducted by researchers from Michigan State University found that Black inventors receive just six patents for every million white people, a glaring disparity. The reason for the disparity is rooted in historical factors. For instance, the 1857 Dred Scott decision declared African Americans to be non-U.S. citizens, thus preventing them from patenting their inventions. And although the 14th Amendment guarantees citizenship to anyone born in the U.S., these legal barriers still exist.
Research by Lisa Cook of Michigan State University suggests that racial and ethnic disparities in patents have a direct correlation with race riots. For instance, a white mob destroyed a thriving Black business district in Tulsa, Okla. And segregation laws made it harder for Blacks to patent their inventions, with the majority of patent attorneys based in white commercial districts.
The study found that despite black patents having more value than those of white patents, the patents that bear common names were cited just 20% less than those with rare names. As a result, researchers suggest anonymizing patent applications by listing the inventors’ initials or limiting them to an anonymous platform. And while it’s still too early to draw any concrete conclusions, the study highlights some important points.
In the United States, innovation has always been a part of our history. The Patent Act of 1790 laid the foundation for intellectual property by granting authors and inventors exclusive rights to their inventions for 20 years. The patent system was written in race-neutral language to encourage innovation, but it still denied credit for Black inventors. Despite these shortcomings, the Patent Act is the engine of innovation in our nation. And its economic impact is significant. Patent activity is estimated to be worth $8 trillion dollars and accounts for 30 percent of the country’s employment.
The US Patent Office reports that Hispanic and African American inventors file about half as many patent applications as white inventors. These figures are particularly striking because patents are awarded more frequently to women than to men. The data also show that female inventors are more likely to co-invent with men than to co-invent with women. Furthermore, mixed inventor teams have a higher co-inventorship index than single-authored applications.
Compared with the worldwide statistics for women, female Mexican inventors are still underrepresented, but this proportion is increasing. Despite the gender gap, Mexican inventors have the highest proportion of patent applications filed in the Human Necessities section of the IPC. However, this number is still small compared to the number of male inventors. These data point to a need for further study.
The study also found that Mexican inventors apply for patent titles in all subareas of chemistry, metallurgy, and biology. This data suggests that Mexican public policy should address gender disparities and strive to achieve gender equity in science and technology. For now, the study will continue. If these findings are confirmed, it is likely that Mexican inventors are disproportionately underrepresented in patents.
The findings show that inequity and disparity in the patent system affect the development of innovative ideas. The success of Soto’s invention is especially impressive, considering current trends in the patent system. Hispanic inventors file patent applications at a rate of less than one-third of white inventors, while Black inventors file at a rate of less than half. Asian inventors file for patents at more than double the rate of white inventors.
This study shows that Mexican female inventors with names that resemble females have a lower chance of being granted a patent than Hispanic men. While this gender gap continues to narrow over time, it will take at least one hundred years to close it. It also shows that women with names that are obvious to a woman had an 8.2% lower likelihood of getting their patent application approved.
African American women
While the number of women inventors has grown, there is a clear gender gap. Men file twice as many patent applications as women, and female inventors receive half as many grants as men. Yet the gender gap in patenting has remained largely hidden. Why is this so? In part, this is due to latent assumptions in IP laws and a broader social bias.
As a result, Black inventors are underrepresented in the patent system, and so are women and Hispanics. While the government has tried to close this gap in recent years, progress has been slow. In 2019, lawmakers introduced the IDEA Act, which would require the patent office to collect data about patent applicants based on their race, gender, and gender. But the bill has not yet reached the House or the Senate.
The results of the Opportunity Insights study showed that compared to white children, women were more likely to obtain patents. Similarly, children from affluent families had higher chances of being an inventor than those from lower-income backgrounds. In some Southern states, this is a result of a racist policy. In this case, white children are much more likely to become an inventor than Black or Latinx children.
The PTO has recently established a council to promote the interests of underrepresented groups in the patent system. Other initiatives include the Expanding Innovation Hub, which provides resources for young inventors. Other programs support early exposure to inventors, including Camp Invention, a STEM program for elementary-age children. A key component of IP use is education, information, and role models.
The study also notes that a lack of exposure to the patent system in minority communities makes it difficult for people to pursue their inventions. Furthermore, patents are costly and difficult to protect, so it is not advisable for most marginalized groups to pursue a career in a patent-intensive field. For example, black students have higher chances of switching majors than white students, and are less likely to obtain a degree than white people.
Asian American women
Many stereotypes about Asian American women have been perpetuated throughout history. One of the most common is that they are quiet and lack leadership qualities. This stereotype isn’t unique to Asian Americans, but it is still an important consideration in a patent application. Specifically, women who are Asian American are less likely to be approved than those who are white. However, the research shows that there are some important exceptions. If you’re an Asian American, there are some ways you can increase your chances of being approved.
One way to increase your chances of getting a patent is to use an online database. It is a free database that can be searched to find patent applications that contain names of Asian American women. This database allows applicants to compare their name to those in existing databases. This allows them to find if there are any similarities with other names. When a female inventor’s name is similar to someone in another database, it will be easier for it to secure a patent.
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